Biochemical tests are a reliable method that can help determine a patient’s overall health, but also determine individual factors that indicate potential conditions such as necrosis, pregnancy, kidney, liver or pancreas diseases, bone diseases, and so on.
Biochemical processes are under the direct influence of the endocrine system, which means that the subject of biochemical tests are precisely the hormones secreted in the body, primarily hormones of the thyroid gland, pancreas and adrenal gland.
Deviation from the reference values does not necessarily indicate a serious health problem, but in addition to other tests, anamnesis and physical examination, it can help in determining whether the patient has a potential disease. A serious clinical picture of the disease implies that several parameters will be below or above the reference values.
In order to obtain reliable results of biochemical tests, it is necessary to adequately prepare the patient for taking a blood sample. Before giving blood for analysis, it is necessary for the patient not to consume food for at least 12 hours before sampling, not to consume tobacco products for several hours before giving blood for analysis, as well as to refrain from alcoholic beverages. Patients are recommended to give samples for biochemical analysis in the morning, ideally between 7 and 10 o’clock.
Biochemical tests play a crucial role in the selection of adequate therapy and its dosage. The recommendations stipulate that, within the framework of preventive measures and preservation of health, biochemical tests are performed once a year.